Fitness training for 400m runners is all about getting
your body in the right condition to be able to do the hard track speed training.
This may make it sound trivial, but the truth is that it is vital, as without
it you will not be able to do the track work. Either you will not be fit enough
to generate lactate levels or speed required or you will simply break down (through
injury or illness) and have to take a break from training whilst you recover.
The fitness needed can be attained in a number of ways, but the link is that
they are all type of aerobic work, working on the cardio-vascular system and, hopefully,
also low intensity work on the muscles needed in your event.
The most common two of these for athletes would be running - long slow runs
or possibly, slow interval sessions - often in the form of a fartlek - and
This sort of training will be used throughout the year,
but primarily in the conditioning phase of training. For the pre-competition
phase and competition period it is a way of maintaining fitness, but probably
won't be as intensive as earlier in the year.
A typical run for a 400m runner would be a 3 mile run - aiming for just
over half the speed you run a 400m race in. (eg. a 60 second 400m runner might
look to cover each 400m in this at between 1.45 and 1.50mins).
As far as circuits are concerned there are a number of formats these can
take and a huge variety of muscles that can be exercised. It is important to
consider the muscles used for running so, half squats, calf raises and burpees
are all important. However, the core (stomach and back) is also vital as are
some upper body exercises for driving your arms.
A typical session might include 4 sets of the following (with 3mins rest)